Drought Contingency Plans and Planning in the Greater Horn of Africa: A Desktop Review of the Effectiveness of Drought Contingency Plans and Planning in Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia

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This paper is a contribution of the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction towards effective Drought Contingency Planning for stakeholders and partners implementing drought risk reduction programmes in the Greater Horn of Africa. Based on the practice, observations and evidence collected from the communities and implementing agencies presented in various reports and publications, the study attempts to convert findings, concepts and guidelines into a guidance document from critical gaps to bridge general drought preparedness, contingency planning and early response.

Although ‘‘Drought Contingency Plan’’ and ‘‘Drought Contingency Planning’’ are used interchangeably, they are not identical. With respect to this review, a few conceptual and operational definitions of terms and concepts related to drought are highlighted. Whereas the contingency planning process, guidelines and evaluation have been studied at the national government and inter-agency levels, there has been little research and examination on the critical gaps in contingency plans and planning for implementing partners for effective drought preparedness and response at community levels. In an attempt to bridge the gap in the drought contingency planning process and content, the author proposes a framework and steps for combined considerations and a proposed contingency planning model. A continuum model was also proposed as a dynamic and participatory contingency planning and funding process that will work for the Greater Horn of Africa. It is anticipated that the contributions from this study will also be useful for other regions in Africa and the world in drought risk management.

United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction Secretariat - Africa
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Date CreatedWednesday, May 30, 2012 4:01 AM
Date ModifiedWednesday, May 30, 2012 4:01 AM
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