What suggestions, contacts or other ideas do you have for the Malagassi natural resource management officials? (5 answers)

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    Dec 4, 2008
    I do have some examples to suggest on “the transfer of management for protected areas” from our collaboration with several NGO entities in Honduras.

    We have been collaborating with several environmental NGOs—particularly those working within two preserves/national parks which are managed by local NGOs. These NGOs work in collaboration with the government and outside donors under the new Honduran law which decentralizes much of the management of protected areas to various types of non-governmental entities. The specific parks/reserves which may be of most interest are:

    FUPNAPIB –NGO for Pico Bonito National park – see = http://www.picobonito.org/ (This park is also experimenting with “carbon management” for climate change-carbon credits via an EcoLogic.

    FUCSA –NGO for Cuero y Salado Wildlife Refuge - http://www.cueroysalado.org/ (This is also a global RAMSAR wetlands reserve).
    Loma Linda University (LLU) -http://resweb.llu.edu/rford/courses/ESSC5xx/may99.html --in collaboration with the Honduras-based USAID-MIRA project (Integrated Management of Environmental Resources) and with a local association of protected areas (REHDES = http://www.virtualfoundation.org/support/consortium/rehdes.html ) have worked together on several projects that may be of interest to others in Madagascar. 

    See some of the activities LLU has done—much of it focused on these two parks--in biological research, ecotourism, water resources, mapping/remote sensing including:
    -Developing Learning Modules for studying Remote Sensing using cases from Honduras - LULC (Landuse / Land Cover) Change: Cases of Coastal Zone Change from Mesoamerica = http://resweb.llu.edu/rford/ESSE21/LUCCModule/
    -Cuero y Salado Virtual Tour = http://resweb.llu.edu/rford/ESSE21/LUCCModule/virtual_tour_1ª.html
    -Pico Bonito Virtual Tour = http://resweb.llu.edu/rford/ESSE21/LUCCModule/virtual_tour_1b.html
    -LAB GUIDE for studying LULC and Remote Sensing = http://resweb.llu.edu/rford/ESSE21/LUCCModule/lab_guide.html

    Please feel free to contact us—see below:
    Jose Herrero, Assistant Project Director, USAID-MIRA, La Ceiba, Honduras
    email: pherrero@mirahonduras.org, cellular: 504-9946-7994
    Robert E. Ford, Professor (LLU) Earth and Biological Sciences, or Social Work and Social Ecology,
    School of Science and Technology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350
    Email: rford@llu.edu
    Office Phone: (909) 558-7507
    Fax: (909) 558-0450
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    Dec 4, 2008
    Continued from previous post…

    Biological, Water Resources, and Geographical Research:
    -Manatee Research = http://resweb.llu.edu/rford/courses/ESSC5xx/hondurasmanatee.html
    -Herpetofauna research = http://resweb.llu.edu/rford/courses/ESSC5xx/honduras_herps.html
    -GPS/RS/GIS in protected-area management = http://resweb.llu.edu/rford/courses/ESSC5xx/may99.html#WORKSHOPS
    -Water Resources = http://resweb.llu.edu/rford/courses/ESSC5xx/water.html

    -NEW - interactive mapping project = PDFmap - Major Terrestrial and Aquatic Nature Trails and Access Roads within Pico Bonito National Park and Cuero y Salado Wildlife Refuge (DRAFT version – April 2007). In the near future much of this spatial information will be available via an online Interactive Map (in production) as a key ecotourism marketing and environmental education resource.

    Livelihoods, Health, and Sustainable Development Interventions/Research:
    -We have also just started collaboration with local partners within one of the parks (including WWF) to study “local fishing practices” by traditional Garifuna artesanal fishermen, to see how to both protect aquatic habitats and species, but also explore “alternative livelihoods” where local practices conflicts with good protected area management. 
    -A public health student will begin work there as well to explore issues of “human health” as it relates to protected area management among people who live within the park. In these two parks, like many area of the world—parks are “multi-use” and require a broader sustainable development agenda that focuses on “human livelihoods” if we’re to address “sustainability” effectively.
    We would welcome comparing notes with other collaborators around the world to share learning experiences, resources, best practices, etc. 

    Please feel free to contact us—see below:
    Jose Herrero, Assistant Project Director
    USAID-MIRA, La Ceiba, Honduras
    email: pherrero@mirahonduras.org
    cellular: 504-9946-7994

    Robert E. Ford, Professor (LLU)
    Room 121 Griggs Hall,
    Earth and Biological Sciences, or
    Social Work and Social Ecology
    School of Science and Technology,
    Loma Linda University,
    Loma Linda, CA 92350
    Email: rford@llu.edu
    Office Phone: (909) 558-7507
    Fax: (909) 558-0450
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    Dec 4, 2008
    In response to your calls for the above, possibly what Open Africa does is at a lower level than contemplated but may nevertheless interest you. Our initiative, which is described in the attached document [posted on the main page], is a community-based bottom up approach to tourism development that is synchronised with conservation and since protected areas are important tourism attractors, this helps in the management of such areas. The way it does this is a) by giving communities an incentive to participate in conservation, and b) by providing the conservation authorities with an avenue through which to interact with those communities.
    We would be happy to provide further details if required.

    Noel N de Villiers
    Chief Executive

    Tel: +27 21 689 9058
    Fax: +27 21 683 9639
    Cell: +27 83 232 5853
    Email: nndv@iafrica.com
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    Dec 4, 2008
    The U.S. National Park Service has some brief information on the transfer of protected area management from the central government (NPS) to other governmental or non-governmental/private hands. In the United States, it takes an Act of Congress - a federal law - to create and to divest protected areas. The link to this page is:
    Please feel free to contact me with any further questions on this topic.

    Rudy D’Alessandro
    International Cooperation Specialist – Asia/Pacific/Arctic/Russia DOI / National Park Service – International Affairs
    1201 I Street, NW ~ Washington, DC 20005
    Tel.: 202-354-1805 fax: 202-371-1446
    rudy_dalessandro@nps.gov ~ www.nps.gov/oia/
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    Dec 4, 2008
    In response to your call for examples on the 'transfer of management for protected areas', you can take several approaches such as working with an NGO or establishing Community Conservation Areas.

    A good example would be Iwokrama Forest in Guyana, South America.

    In 1989 the President of Guyana, Desmond Hoyte, offered one million acres of pristine rainforest to the international community through the Kuala Lumpur Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting to develop, demonstrate and make available to Guyana and the international community systems, methods and techniques for the sustainable management and utilisation of the multiple resources of the Tropical Forest and the conservation of biological diversity.

    Over the next few years, guidelines for the management of the site were developed by Guyanese and international consultants. In 1993, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) through the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) signed an agreement to grant US$3 million as seed funding to assist with the development of the Programme. By 1994, a functional field station was established in the Iwokrama Forest to enable research and training of local people to assist in the management of the area. The Iwokrama International Centre, a NGO, was established to manage and fundraise for PA/conservation activities within this PA.

    At the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting in November 1995, President Cheddi Jagan, and Secretary-General of the Commonwealth Secretariat, Chief Emeka Anyaoku, signed the Agreement which defines the objectives, functions, and organisation of Iwokrama. This Agreement forms part of the enabling legislation tabled in Parliament in late December 1995. On March 14, 1996 the National Assembly (Parliament) of Guyana passed the Iwokrama International Centre for Rain Forest Conservation and Development Act with the unanimous approval of both sides of the house. The Act was signed into law on May 12, 1996 by President Cheddi Jagan.

    Iwokrama Centre works closely with the Government and communities to ensure participation at all levels. Recently, Fairview Village, the only community within the Iwokrama Protected Area was granted its land title. Within the laws of Guyana, no PA can be established on Amerindian/titled lands. As such, Iwokrama and Fairview signed an MOU on Dec. 21st 2006 to establish a Community Conservation Area (CCA) and witnessed by the Minister of Amerindian Affairs on behalf of the Government. Iwokrama also works closely with the remaining 13 surrounding communities that utilize the forest to assist in the management and conservation of the PA by training persons from the community as rangers, entrepreneurs, assisting in the development of alternative products, etc.

    Additionally, in 1996 the 14 communities formed a community-based organization known as the North Rupununi District Development Board (NRDDB). In 2004, NRDDB and Iwokrama signed a MOU. The Board represents the communities and takes responsibility for the planning and coordination of many Iwokrama educational, developmental, cultural and research programmes.

    You can obtain more information on Iwokrama at www.iwokrama.org.

    Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have or for further information.

    Michelle Kalamandeen, M.Sc. (Oxon)
    Centre for the Study of Biological Diversity
    University of Guyana, Turkeyen Campus.
    E.C.D. Guyana
    Tel: (592) 222-4921
    Email: michellek@bbgy.com

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Date CreatedThursday, December 4, 2008 11:20 AM
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