Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM)


CBNRM Lessons Learned

Recent Events

May 17, 2011 - Gilbert Kajuna, USAID Tanzania

Community Based Natural Resources Management:  Establishment of Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) in Tanzania

Gilbert Kajuna, USAID/Tanzania

Tanzania, one of Africa's most bio-diverse countries, has set aside over 28% of her land under various regimes of protected areas in order to conserve her globally unique base of wildlife and natural resources. However, wildlife migrations outside these protected areas continue to cause severe conflicts with with the growing rural populations and their associated human development activities. Hence the need for the new integrated approaches in community based conservation to address these evolving challenges. Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) have emerged as Tanzania's best hope for mitigating the decline of wildlife outside the protected areasdue to human settlements, poaching and overall land degradation. This presentation makes a brief review of the challenges and prospects along the journey of establishing WMAs in Tanzania, and also draw some lessons for for making WMAs economically viable wildlife conservation enterprises.

ABCG Thematic Meeting

On 7 May 2007, the Africa Biodiversity Collaborative Group (ABCG) and FRAME held a meeting on "Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM): Impacts and Lessons Learned" at WWF in Washington, DC.  The objectives were to:

  • Explore the impacts of CBNRM on poverty, policies, economics, health and biodiversity;
  • Hear about recent assessments of CBNRM activities in Southern Africa; and
  • Share experiences and lessons learned.

Meeting agenda:

Welcome and Introductions by Graeme Patterson, Wildlife Conservation Society

Community Based Natural Resource Management: Impacts and Lessons Learned from Southern Africa by Bob Winterbottom, International Resources Group/FRAME and Mike McGahuey, USAID

Namibia National CBNRM Programme by Raymond Peters, LIFE

Establishing Wildlife Management Areas: Impacts of CBNRM on Biodiversity and Communities in Tanzania by Dr. Sosovele, WWF-Tanzania and University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Outcomes of Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE Program Post 2000 by Judith Mashinya, WWF

The Wildlife/Livestock/Human Health Interface and Its Relevance to CBNRM in Southern Africa by Steve Osofsky, WCS

Respondents: Peter Balint, George Mason University and Tim Resch, USAID

Open Discussion

Please see the following meeting notesreference list, participant list, and other meeting materials.

photo credit: Campfire, WWF-Canon / Sandra MBANEFO OBIAGO

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Date CreatedFriday, November 7, 2008 9:52 AM
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